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### Rotate a line?

Posted: **Fri Jan 23, 2015 11:04 pm**

by **uelandbob**

I have a line that is a radius vector in a circle. I want to rotate the line 30 degrees counter clockwise when I click on a button. Is that possible? (Rotate "angle" does not seem to work for a line graphics. Also I want to rotate around the end point of the line, like a upside-down pendulum.)

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 12:44 am**

by **Simon**

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 12:59 am**

by **uelandbob**

Thanks Simon

,

but it doesn't quite answer my question. There was a link there that didn't work and the Harmonic oscillator stack didn't have a line for it's pendulum. So does it mean seems that there is no simple solution?

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 1:04 am**

by **Simon**

The link for that stack is under the image

"LiveCode Stack"

But there are a couple more simple versions in the previous link (3 pages)

Simon

Edit;

and the Harmonic oscillator stack didn't have a line for it's pendulum.

Sorry misread that.

I see a line in the Pendulum tab???

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 11:35 am**

by **uelandbob**

Simon wrote:
I see a line in the Pendulum tab???

Yes but it disappears as soon as you start the pendulum.

A rotation of a simple line shouldn't be rocket science, and the fact that LC has no support for it is somewhat dissapointing

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 11:44 am**

by **Simon**

hmmm...

This doesn't work for you?

It's my sad attempt, not as good as the others.

Simon

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 2:34 pm**

by **richmond62**

Play around with this

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 2:43 pm**

by **Klaus**

Blaming an IDE for not yet knowing how to do something is somewhat dissapointing.

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 4:34 pm**

by **RogGuay**

Here's a fresh copy of my Harmonic Oscillators stack:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/wwwrxqehi0173 ... e.zip?dl=0
The Pendulum Tab DOES show a pendulum WITH a line that does NOT disappear on my machine and many others. If your copy's pendulum line disappears, perhaps we can help you with that problem, first of all?

Cheers,

Roger

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 5:24 pm**

by **uelandbob**

RogGuay wrote:a pendulum WITH a line that does NOT disappear on my machine and many others. If your copy's pendulum line disappears, perhaps we can help you with that problem, first of all?

Roger

Thanks Roger

,

You are right. On my machine it disappears and is turned into a point. I'm running version 7.0.0 Build 10018 on a OS X Yosemite version 10.10.1.

As soon as I start to drag the M ball the line (the graphics called PL) disappears, or rather is turned into a point.

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 5:45 pm**

by **Klaus**

Hi Bob,

you should always work with the latest version which is 7.02 already.

http://downloads.livecode.com/livecode/
Eventual bugs from older version may have been fixed in the meantime

Best

Klaus

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 9:37 pm**

by **uelandbob**

Klaus wrote:latest version which is 7.02 already.

Thanks Klaus

, I downloaded 7.02 and tried, but no luck the error persists

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 10:09 pm**

by **mattmaier**

I just went through the process of trying to find livecode's built-in functions for manipulating geometry and trig and whatnot. They don't exist. Or, rather, there are a couple but they only work for graphics and they only use their "points" which have to be rounded off. After you work with text and buttons and stuff you kind of intuitively want to type "point the thing at the thing" and expect livecode to figure out how to rotate something to point at something else. But it doesn't, so you have to roll your own.

Here are some functions I wrote that solved my problem. They're kind of general so they should solve yours and if they don't they should be easy to reverse engineer. The basic idea is that you should keep the coordinate math separate from the existing controls and their points. When you're all done, round off your coordinates and set them as points.

rotateCoord

This function takes in a list of coordinates (like points but don't have to be whole numbers) and rotates them around their origin (0,0) by the same amount as the bearing (a list of two coordinates, which makes a line). You could convert it to just use a supplied angle instead of calculating it from the bearing.

Code: Select all

```
function translateCoord coordinates,newOrigin
-- coordinates = a list of coordinates (x,y cr x,y cr x,y etc)
-- newOrigin = a coordinate (x,y)
repeat for each line tLine in coordinates
-- translate along x axis
put item 1 of tLine + item 1 of newOrigin into tNewX
-- translate along y axis
put item 2 of tLine + item 2 of newOrigin into tNewY
put return & tNewX & "," & tNewY after tNewCoord
filter tNewCoord without empty
end repeat
return tNewCoord
end translateCoord
function rotateCoord coordinates,bearing
-- coordinates = list of coordinates (x,y cr x,y cr x,y etc)
-- bearing = a list of two pairs of coordinates for orientation (x,y cr x,y)
-- tested this, it's not the problem
put (item 1 of line 2 of bearing) - (item 1 of line 1 of bearing) into tDistX
put (item 2 of line 2 of bearing) - (item 2 of line 1 of bearing) into tDistY
-- tested this, it's not the problem
put atan2(tDistX,tDistY) into tBearingAngle
repeat for each line tLine in coordinates
-- calculate angle of coordinates
-- tested this, it's not the problem
put atan2(item 1 of tLine,item 2 of tLine) into tAngle
-- calculate coordinates' distance from origin
put sqrt((item 1 of tLine)^2 + (item 2 of tLine)^2) into tHypot
-- calculate new x coordinate
put tHypot * cos(tAngle - tBearingAngle) into tNewX
-- calculate new y coordinate
put tHypot * sin(tAngle - tBearingAngle) into tNewY
put return & tNewX & "," & tNewY after tNewCoord
end repeat
filter tNewCoord without empty
return tNewCoord
end rotateCoord
function batchRoundCoord coordinates
-- coordinates = a list of coordinates (x,y cr x,y cr x,y etc)
repeat for each line tLine in coordinates
if tLine is empty then
put return after tNewCoord
else
-- round the number off so it can be a point
put the round of item 1 of tLine into tNewX
put the round of item 2 of tLine into tNewY
put return & tNewX & "," & tNewY after tNewCoord
end if
end repeat
return tNewCoord
end batchRoundCoord
function divideLine coordinates,distance
-- coordinates = a list of two pairs of coordinates (x,y cr x,y)
-- distance = maximum length of each subdivision
put coordinates into tNewCoord
-- calculate distance between coordinate pairs
put (item 1 of line 2 of coordinates) - (item 1 of line 1 of coordinates) into tDistX
put (item 2 of line 2 of coordinates) - (item 2 of line 1 of coordinates) into tDistY
put sqrt(tDistX^2 + tDistY^2) into tHypot
if distance < tHypot then
-- divide distance in half
put (tDistX / 2) + item 1 of line 1 of coordinates into tMidX
put (tDistY / 2) + item 2 of line 1 of coordinates into tMidY
-- coordinates for first half
put line 1 of coordinates into tFirstCoord
put return & tMidX & "," & tMidY after tFirstCoord
-- coordinates for second half
put tMidX & "," & tMidY into tNextCoord
put return & line 2 of coordinates after tNextCoord
-- call this function on each half
put return & divideLine(tFirstCoord,distance) after tNewCoord
put return & divideLine(tNextCoord,distance) after tNewCoord
else
return tNewCoord
end if
filter tNewCoord without empty
sort tNewCoord ascending
return tNewCoord
end divideLine
```

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 10:10 pm**

by **Simon**

Hi Bob,

Yes, I'm getting the same in 7.

It works in 6.7

Simon

### Re: Rotate a line?

Posted: **Sat Jan 24, 2015 11:26 pm**

by **RogGuay**

OK, I know what's wrong. LC V 7 requires that points of a line be handled differently than earlier versions. I will fix my Harmonic Oscillators stack and repost a link to it ASAP.

Thanks,

Roger